3.b) Octave Register, Staff, Clefs, Brace and Bracket

Copyright © 2017 by Ainolnaim Azizol
All rights reserved.
Updated: 16 February 2017

3.b.1) Octave Register

  1. Octave is a musical term which describes a span of eight notes ( a set of 12 semitones). Octave is useful in dividing the tone color (high-low) across audible frequency-pitches and making the note pitch staff reading simple. Octave can be represented in two symbols:
  • Octave number. Example: C5 (note pitch C at 5th octave).
  • Octave bracket line symbol. Example: Octave line.

    Figure 3.b.1
Figure 3.b.1.1

3.b.2) Staff

  1. Staff is a set of five horizontal lines stacked which is used to notate the note pitch. Staff will provide the note pitch, note to note intervals (vertical motion) and rhythm (horizontal motion) informations.
staff line.jpg
Figure 3.b.2
Figure 3.b.2.1

3.b.3) Clefs

  1. Clef is a musical symbol which is used to indicate the note pitch name reading along the staff spaces and lines.
  2. Certain musical instruments have a certain playable octave range (voice range) and this can be indicated by the type of clef use in staff reading. For example, bass clef is used for low pitch instrument such as double bass, bass guitar, while cello may used bass clef (as a standard clef), tenor clef and treble clef due to wide octave range playing capability.
cleff 5 - Full Score.jpg
Figure 3.b.3

3.b.4) Brace and Bracket

staff 1 - Full Score.jpg
Figure 3.b.4

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Copyright © 2017 by Ainolnaim Azizol
All rights reserved.
Updated: 16 February 2017
This page can be cited as (APA format 6th Edition): Azizol, A. 2017. Music Theory: Metric and Tonal Structure. Retrieved from http://www.ainolnaim.wordpress.com